Sault Saint Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians and Bay Mills Ojibwa Indian Community, Chippewa, Mackinac, and Schoolcraft Counties, Michigan

Initial Funding:

November 1998


The overall goal of the grant project is to create a home-based, family-focused approach to strengthen tribal children with serious emotional disturbances and their families. The Sault Tribe’s lead health and human services center, Anishnabek Community and Family Services’ (ACFS), vision statement guides the goals and objectives of the CMHI program: To develop an integrated, seamless and multi-disciplinary service delivery system that provides for appropriate, culturally sensitive services. It shall be designed for the prevention and early identification of child abuse and neglect. Services shall be client oriented, easily accessible, and focused toward measured positive outcomes.


The Sault Tribe is located within the seven easternmost counties of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan (Chippewa, Mackinac, Luce, Alger, Schoolcraft, Delta, and Marquette Counties) and is the largest federally recognized tribe in the State. Tribal members number approximately 27,700 people. In early 1998, there were 4,774 children aged 21 and under residing within the seven-county service area, with over half in Chippewa County. Of these children, 107 were identified as in need or potential need of services for serious emotional disturbance. The Bay Mills Indian Community, a small, isolated, rural community, is located in the extreme northeastern end of the Upper Peninsula. Its total tribal enrollment is approximately 1,245. Of these children, 487 were under the age of 22 in early 1998. Thirteen of them have been identified as having emotional disturbance. The service region of Hiawatha includes the counties of Chippewa, Mackinac, and Schoolcraft, which have a combined population of nearly 52,000. Hiawatha was serving 83 children with serious emotional disturbance when the grant program began. The majority of these children were considered to be under served. The primary target population for the grant program are American Indian children aged 22 and under and their families who are identified with or who are at risk for serious emotional disturbance, and who reside in Chippewa, Mackinac, and Schoolcraft counties. However, in 2002 services were expanded within the four westernmost counties by hiring an additional home-based therapist and a second clinical supervisor. A total of 279 children and their families have been served by CMHI since grant funding began.



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