Mental Health Care in California: Painting a Picture
Mental Health Care in California: Painting a Picture provides an overview of mental health in California: disease prevalence, suicide rates, the state's care delivery system, supply and use of treatment providers, and access to care. This report uses the most recent data available, from 2009 and 2010. The report also highlights available quality data and the most recent data on national mental health care spending.
Key findings include:
- About half of adults and two-thirds of adolescents with mental health needs did not get treatment.
- For children and adults, the prevalence of serious mental illness varied by income, with much higher rates of mental illness at lower income levels.
- There were significant racial and ethnic disparities for incidence of serious mental illness among adults: Native American, multiracial, and African American populations experienced the highest rates.
- The distribution of spending on mental health care in the US has changed dramatically over the last 20 years, with inpatient and residential care spending decreasing and outpatient care and prescription drug spending increasing.
- Recent policy changes, including the Mental Health Parity Act and the Affordable Care Act, are expected to increase access to treatment for insured and uninsured Californians with mental health needs.
- The supply of acute psychiatric beds has declined over the last 15 years in California. The state's bed-per-capita ratio was also much lower than the nation's.